Fading dark spots, sun spots, age spots, brown patches, melasma, and hyperpigmentation is a common concern, especially among people of color. According to New York dermatologist Diane Madfes, MD, discoloration is often a result of sun damage, hormonal changes, or skin growths.
Discoloration on the skin occurs when “enlarged melanocytes or increased tyrosinase production causes the dark spots.” Look for over-the-counter dark spot correctors containing “topical vitamins, retinol, arbutin, and other antioxidants to repair our aging collagen and elastin,” says Madfes. “Mild acids—whether glycolic, mandelic, kojic, or salicylic—in low concentrations are also ingredients to seek out.”
We conducted hours of research on the best dark spot correctors, and took a few top-rated products out for a spin. Our product testers used spot correctors for several weeks, evaluating their effect on skin, overall results, and value. We considered dozens of products for this roundup, combining our own research insights, dermatologist recommendations, and third party reviews to compile the best in show.
Ahead, find the best dark spot correctors to fade discoloration for good.
Best Overall: Urban Skin Rx Even Tone Cleansing Bar
Courtesy of Amazon
Board-certified dermatologist Adeline Kikam recommends ingredients like azelaic acid, kojic acid, and niacinamide to address hyperpigmentation in her patients. This treatment contains all three. It works as a daily cleanser, mask, and exfoliator, and the results speak for themselves.
Active Ingredients: Kojic acid, azelaic acid, niacinamide, and licorice root | Skin Type: Acne-prone | Benefits: Daily cleanser, mask, exfoliator | Size: 2 ounces | Cruelty-Free: Yes | Brydie Clean: Yes
Best Splurge: SkinMedica Lytera 2.0 Pigment Correcting Serum
Courtesy of Skinstore
Kikam favors this serum for its clinically proven effectiveness in treating dark spots across all skin tones. Its non-irritating formula contains niacinamide and tranexamic acid, which are very effective anti-hyperpigmentation ingredients.
Active Ingredients: Tranexamic acid, phenylethyl resorcinol, niacinamide, tetrapeptide-30, marine extract blend, phytic acid | Skin Type: All | Benefits: Prevents the appearance of new spots, reduces redness, supports a healthy skin barrier | Size: 2 ounces | Cruelty-Free: Yes | Brydie Clean: Yes
Best Hydroquinone-Free: PCA Skin HQ-Free Pigment Gel
Courtesy of Amazon
“This is another very effective albeit more aggressive serum for the treatment of dark spots,” Kikam says. “It contains a combination of antioxidant phenylethyl resorcinol, azelaic acid, and kojic acid to effectively correct hyperpigmentation and promote an even tone.”
It’s also free of hydroquinone, a controversial skin-lightening ingredient that can cause unwanted side effects with long-term use. So whether you’re sensitive to hydroquinone or simply don’t want to use it on your skin, this serum is a great pick for you.
Active Ingredients: Phenylethyl resorcinol, azelaic acid, and kojic acid | Skin Type: Combination | Benefits: Addresses discoloration, evens skin tone | Size: 1 ounce | Cruelty-Free: Yes | Brydie Clean: Yes
Best for Dark Skin: Specific Beauty Intensive Skin Brightening Serum
Courtesy of Specific Beauty
This highly concentrated treatment was made with melanin-rich skin in mind, and it combines the age-defying properties of retinol with the radiance-boosting qualities of licorice root extract and niacinamide. The results? A texture that is more supple and smooth, and a complexion that is radiant and more even. It also has major soothing properties, with ginger root extract meant to help calm skin and prevent future free radical damage.
Active Ingredients: Retinol, licorice, niacinamide, ginger root extract | Skin Type: Acne-prone | Benefits: Boosts radiance, treats fine lines and free radical damage | Size: 1 ounce | Cruelty-Free: Yes | Brydie Clean: Yes
Best Budget: Garnier SkinActive Clearly Brighter Dark Spot Corrector
Courtesy of Garnier
This gentle yet effective treatment seriously reduces dark spots caused by sun damage without breaking the bank. It exfoliates to promote healthy, spot-free skin while also reducing the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles. Users report that it noticeably reduces acne scars and sunspots.
Active Ingredients: Vitamin C, vitamin E, pine bark essence, lipo-hydroxyl acid (LHA) | Skin Type: All | Benefits: Exfoliates, reduces fine lines, wrinkles, and acne | Size: 1.7 ounces | Cruelty-Free: Yes | Brydie Clean: Yes
Best Drugstore: Bolden Nighttime Repair Serum
Courtesy of Bolden
This exfoliating serum is designed to work at night when the skin enters its reparation mode. The formula promises to exfoliate dead and damaged skin cells to boost cell turnover and reveal a radiant, more youthful complexion upon waking. The powerful combination of glycolic acid and antioxidants is meant to restore elasticity and firmness while the lightweight consistency is quickly absorbed. Reviewers boast that their dark marks faded within a few short weeks.
Active Ingredients: Glycolic acid, aloe, plant extracts, vitamin E | Skin Type: Acne-prone | Benefits: Gently exfoliates, soothes, and protects from environmental damage and free radicals | Size: 1.7 ounces | Cruelty-Free: Yes | Brydie Clean: Yes
Best With Vitamin C: Hyper Clear Brightening Clearing Vitamin C Serum
Courtesy of Revolve
Antioxidants such as vitamin C decrease inflammation and free radical damage to skin cells to help treat and prevent hyperpigmentation. This formula contains 15 percent vitamins C and E that are meant to work together, along with natural fruit enzymes, kojic acid, and turmeric, to target and fade dark marks caused by age spots or acne scars.
Active Ingredients: Vitamin C, vitamin E, natural fruit enzymes, kojic acid, turmeric | Skin Type: All | Benefits: Gently exfoliates, fades discoloration, soothes, and protects from environmental damage and free radicals | Size: 0.5 ounces | Cruelty-Free: Yes | Brydie Clean: Yes
Best With Vitamin C, Runner-Up: BeautyStat Universal C Skin Refiner
Courtesy of Skinstore
Formulated by a cosmetic chemist with 20 percent pure vitamin C (a beloved radiance-boosting ingredient), this patented serum promises to firm and tighten skin, reduce dark marks and discoloration, and reduce the look of deep lines and wrinkles in most users.
Active Ingredients: L-ascorbic acid (vitamin C), green tea, ECGC, squalane, tartaric acid | Skin Type: All | Benefits: Gently exfoliates, boosts radiance, firms, and tightens skin | Size: 1 ounces | Cruelty-Free: Yes | Brydie Clean: Yes
Best Classic: Clinique Even Better Clinical Radical Dark Spot Corrector + Interrupter
Courtesy of Sephora
The intense antioxidant properties in this formula noticeably reduce acne spots and scars in 12 weeks (according to the brand), and it’s gentle enough for daily use. Not only does it correct dark spots, but it interrupts them, helping to prevent dark spots in the future.
Active Ingredients: Vitamin C, salicylic acid, glucosamine, yeast extract, rice bran extract, gyokuro extract | Skin Type: Dry, combination, oily | Benefits: Gently exfoliates, boosts radiance | Size: 1.7 ounces | Cruelty-Free: No | Brydie Clean: Yes
Best Exfoliating: Topicals Faded Brightening & Clearing Serum
This gel contains exfoliating acids and niacinamide that are powerful enough to fade scars and stubborn sun damage. Yet, it’s gentle enough for sensitive, acne-prone skin.
Active Ingredients: Niacinamide, jojoba seed oil | Skin Type: Sensitive, acne-prone | Benefits: Balances, boosts radiance, smooths, and fades the most stubborn marks | Size: 1.7 ounces | Cruelty-Free: Yes | Brydie Clean: Yes
Best With SPF: Dr. Dennis Gross Skincare Dark Spot Sun Defense
Courtesy of Nordstrom
The sun’s ultraviolet radiation can worsen hyperpigmentation. According to Kikam, “Using a broad-spectrum sunscreen, especially on the face and other sun-exposed areas, is essential in treating dark spots/hyperpigmentation.” This SPF formula contains peptides, vitamins C and E, and glycolic acid to promote a more even-looking complexion.
Active Ingredients: Peptides, vitamin C, vitamin E, glycolic acid, almond oil, olive oil, and evening primrose oils | Skin Type: Dry, combination, oily | Benefits: Moisturizes, provides sun protection | Size: 1.7 ounces | Cruelty-Free: Yes | Brydie Clean: No
Best Pads: Nip + Fab Glycolic Fix Night Pads
Courtesy of Amazon
“Ingredients that work to decrease melanin production or accelerate skin turnover (and thus dispersal of melanin in the skin) are effective in treating hyperpigmentation,” explains Kikam. Glycolic acid can penetrate deep into pores to reduce the buildup of comedones on the skin’s surface, increasing cellular turnover and ultimately help the fading of discoloration.
Active Ingredients: Glycolic acid, lactic acid, hyaluronic acid, salicylic acid | Skin Type: Oily | Benefits: Exfoliates and controls blemishes | Size: 4.23 ounces | Cruelty-Free: Yes | Brydie Clean: No
Best Patches: Peace Out Microneedling Dark Spot Brightening Dots
Courtesy of Sephora
These patches come to the rescue for stubborn spots that won’t go away. Using patented microneedling technology, these dots gradually fade dark marks when used twice weekly for two consecutive weeks, according to the brand. They deliver niacinamide, licorice extract, and tranexamic acid straight to the problem areas meant to visibly fade spots without causing irritation.
Active Ingredients: Niacinamide, licorice extract, tranexamic acid, vitamin B, mineral oil, hydroquinone | Skin Type: Acne-prone | Benefits: Fades discoloration | Cruelty-Free: Yes | Brydie Clean: No
Our best overall pick is Urban Skin Rx Even Tone Cleansing Bar, not only for its ability to fade dark spots effectively—but for doing so quickly, too. This 3-in-1 cleansing bar works as a cleanser, mask, and exfoliator, boosting the complexion and evening-out tone and texture with azelaic acid, kojic acid, and niacinamide. For a dark spot corrector that contains vitamin C, consider Hyper Clear Brightening Clearing Vitamin C Serum, a weightless gel serum that fades dark spots and acne scars with a blend of vitamins C and E, natural fruit enzymes, kojic acid, and turmeric.
What to Look for in a Dark Spot Corrector
Board-certified dermatologist Azadeh Shirazi recommends products with azelaic acid, an exfoliant known to fight acne, reduce inflammation, and even out the skin tone—all while being less harsh than hydroquinone. “It inhibits tyrosinase and prevents pigmentation, but it’s much more gentle,” she says.
Shirazi also recommends products with retinol for fighting dark spots. “Retinols help to brighten the skin and fade pigmentation by renewing skin cells,” she says. “They also help with fine lines and firming the skin.”
Another radiance-boosting and cell-renewing ingredient commonly found in dark spot correctors is niacinamide, Niacinamide fades discoloration and works best when combined with antioxidants like vitamins C and E.
Of course, no matter what ingredient you go with, Shirazi recommends always looking out for products with added SPF sun protection.
How do you use dark spot correctors?
How you use a dark spot corrector will depend on the product formulation and ingredients, explains Shirazi. “Hydroquinone is potent and can be irritating, so it’s best to use only as a spot treatment.” she says. “Azelaic acid and retinol should be used all over the face, as they offer other benefits and help prevent pigmentation. Azelaic acid is anti-inflammatory and helps reduce redness, so it’s used to treat acne and rosacea. It’s great for someone with sensitive skin and pigmentation and can be used in the morning. Retinol, on the other hand, should be used at night.”
Do dark spot correctors work on freckles?
According to Shirazi, you can use dark spot correctors to fade freckles. “Freckles form as a result of overproduction of melanin due to UV exposure, so yes, bleaching agents can help lighten them as they reduce pigmentation,” she explains.